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Sir Edward
Burne-Jones

1833 - 1898

Windows:

The Annunciation

Moses, Melchizedek and Aaron

Daniel and Ezekiel

Virgin and Child

Mary the Virgin

Saints Peter, Paul and Stephen

Saints Dorothea and Theophilus

Designs:

The East Wall

Philip Webb

Philip Webb
1831 - 1915

Windows:

In the Lady Chapel:
Isaiah (Tracery)
John (Tracery)
Martyrs' Window (Tracery)

Webb also painted the Canopy of Honour above the altar.

 

 

The Martyrs' Window - Saints Peter, Stephen and Paul by Burne-Jones

The tracery glass is by Philip Webb; the inscription around the shield in the tracery reads:

And they saw his face as it had been the face of an angel. Acts 6.15

This is a reference to St. Stephen as he stood his trial before the High Priest and the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. St. Stephen was the first Christian martyr, and the windWilliam Rossettiow depicts his stoning.

St. Peter is holding a key to the kingdom of heaven, as well as a book of his letters.

St. Paul is holding a sword because he was beheaded by a sword – a privilege afforded to Roman citizens sentenced to death. Like Peter, he also holds a book of his letters.

The model for both Peter and Paul, which you will notice are both balding men, was the brother of Rossetti, William Michael Rossetti, who was himself a balding man.

The Martyrs' Window St Peter St Stephen St Paul Tracery by Philip Webb

The this is one of two windows along the South Aisle that were commissioned by Miss Mary Craven to thank God for the recovery of Queen Victoria's eldest son and heir to the throne, Edward, the Prince of Wales. He had unfortunately caught the very serious, and frequently fatal, disease of typhoid while staying at the home of the Earl of Londesborough, in The Crescent, Scarborough in 1871. (More detail in the education section)

This was at a time when the monarchy was generally unpopular with the majority of people because Queen Victoria had cut herself off from the country following the death of her beloved husband, Prince Albert. Also, the behaviour of some of the royal family had caused scandals; particularly that of her eldest son, Edward.

The Prince was naturally very ill, and by November 1871 his death was expected daily - bell ringers throughout the country were alerted to be ready to toll the bad news through the nation as soon as he died. Nevertheless, he made a spectacular recovery, for which, surprisingly, the whole nation was thankful. The popularity of the monarchy improved greatly, and maintained this renewed popularity for the rest of Victoria's reign.

Queen Victoria, however, blamed Scarborough for the scare, and never had a good word to say about the town again!

You might imagine how relieved the population of Scarborough was that the Prince recovered. Miss Mary Craven was no exception, and she decided to give thanks to God for the Prince's recovery by installing more stained glass windows into her favourite church!
Altogether she had three stained glass window put in to replace the original plain glass, two on the South Aisle (this one and the Dorothea and Theophilus window next to it), and one on the North Aisle depicting Moses, Melchizedek and Aaron.

Window tribute

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